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Medical Laboratory Technician (MLT)

Essential Functions

The following Essential Functions are listed below:

Medical laboratory technician students must have abilities and skills as follows:

Essential Observational Requirements for the MLT student. The student must be able to:

  • Characterize the color, odor, clarity, and viscosity of biological specimens, reagents, or chemical reactions.
  • Utilize a clinical grade binocular microscope to discriminate among fine structural and color (hue, shading, and intensity) differences of microscopic specimens.
  • Read and comprehend text, numbers, and graphs displayed in print and in electronic format.


Essential Movement Requirements for the MLT student. The student must be able to:

  • Move freely and safely about a laboratory.
  • Reach laboratory benchtops and shelves, patients lying in hospital beds or patients seated in specimen collection furniture.
  • Perform moderately taxing continuous physical work, often requiring prolonged sitting or standing, over several hours.
  • Safely utilize phlebotomy and culture acquisition equipment to collect appropriate laboratory specimens from patients.
  • Properly utilize other laboratory equipment (i.e. pipettes, inoculating loops, test tubes, etc.) and adjust instruments to perform laboratory procedures.
  • Use a computer and/or an electronic keyboard to operate, calibrate, and evaluate laboratory instruments and transmit laboratory information.


Essential Communication Requirements for the MLT student. The student must be able to:

  • Communicate effectively and sensitively, both orally and in writing, with patients and all members of the healthcare team
  • Read and comprehend written material in order to correctly and independently perform laboratory test procedures.


Essential Cognitive Requirements for the MLT student. The student must:

  • Possess the following intellectual competencies: comprehension, measurement, mathematical calculation, reasoning, integration, analysis, comparison, self-expression, and constructive criticism.
  • Possess sufficient judgment and reasoning skills to recognize and correct errors as they occur.


Essential Behavioral Requirements for the MLT student. The student must be able to:

  • Manage the use of time and systematize actions in order to complete professional and technical tasks within realistic constraints.
  • Possess the emotional health necessary to effectively employ intellect and exercise appropriate judgment.
  • Provide professional and technical services while experiencing the stresses of task-related uncertainty (i.e. ambiguous test ordering, emergent demands-"stat" test orders, distracting environment-high noise levels, crowding, complex visual stimuli).
  • Recognize potentially hazardous materials, equipment, and situations and proceed safely in order to minimize risk of injury to self, patients, and coworkers; includes the use personal protective equipment (PPE) and best practices.
  • Adapt to working with unpleasant biological samples.
  • Support and promote the activities of fellow students and health care professionals. Such behavior fosters a team approach to learning, task completion, problem solving, and patient care.
  • Be honest, compassionate, ethical, and responsible. The student must be forthright about errors or uncertainty and be able to critically evaluate her or his own performance, accept constructive criticism, and look for ways to improve.

Reasonable accommodations for persons with documented disabilities will be considered on an individual basis, but a candidate must be able to perform in an independent manner. There will be no discrimination in the selection of program participants based on race, creed, color, gender, age, marital status, national origin, or physical or mental disability, providing mandatory standards can be met.

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